Pathalogical Demand Avoidance
What is PDA (Pathological Demand Avoidance)?
PDA is one type of Autism Spectrum Condition. People on the spectrum have difficulties with social interaction, social communication and restricted or repetitive patterns of behaviour or interest.
- resisting and avoiding ordinary, everyday demands
- appearing sociable on the surface but lacking depth in their understanding (often recognised by parents early on)
- using social strategies (such as distraction) to avoid demands
- excessive mood swings, often switching suddenly
- comfortable (sometimes to an extreme extent) in role play and pretending
- obsessive behaviour, often focused on people rather than objects.
Children may sometimes be described as having ‘challenging’ or ‘oppositional’ behaviour. PDA is not the same as ODD (Oppositional Defiant Disorder); PDA is a spectrum condition but ODD is not.
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